Royal Krakow, the former capital of Poland, residence of the Polish kings, for over a thousand years, has been the center of science, culture and art in Poland. Entered on UNESCO World Heritage
List, and the European Capital of Culture in the year 2000. Krakow is an architecturally and artistically valuable city owing to the fact that it hardly suffered from any destruction during the Second World War. This is why the original medieval urban setting of squares and streets (known as genius loci) is perfectly preserved. Walk along the Royal Tract
, from the Barbican
and remains of the city defensive walls with the Florianska Gate
, an important feature on the Royal Route leading to the Wawel Hill. On the route you pass buildings from different epochs and the Main Market Square with picturesque building of the Cloth Hall and St. Mary's gothic basilica. Entrance to see the most astonishing interior devotional decoration – Gothic wooden altar made by Wit Stwosz. In the center of the Main Market Square is shopping mall- "Sukiennice"
. Formerly this was a place where the great variety of clothes were sold in booths and stalls and now housing souvenires shops with amber and leather things.The University district with Collegium Maius
– the building dating back to the beginnings of the noble school. After seeing the most important sights in Market area continuing up to the Wawel Hill
, where Royal Castle and Cathedral situated is. The renaissance Royal Castle
with unique collection of Flemish tapestries woven in the 16th century was home to many Polish kings and queens. The royal crypts in the gothic Cathedral are their final resting place, along with several other Polish heroes.
The Kazimierz quarter
was the centre of Jewish religions, culture and previously a separate town. Nowadays every corner of Kazimierz is the witness of the history of Polish Jews.