Jewish Traces and Holocaust Memorial
Arrival in Warsaw
. Guided tour following traces of Jewish community, which was one of the biggest before WWII and traces of martyrdom of Jews during the War. Visiting of the Jewish Ghetto site (The Warsaw Ghetto
was the largest ghetto in Nazi-occupied Europe) encircled by the wall, the ghetto was cut off from the rest of the city. People living within the ghetto walls were suffering from starvation and epidemic diseases, finally in April 1943 the Uprising in the ghetto started. In spite of the almost total destruction there are still some places remembering that time: Grzybowski Square, Nozyk Synagogue ,Jewish Theatre, All Saints Church, Prozna Street
. Drive to Zlota Street, where the remaining pieces of the Ghetto wall are preserved. Drive to the Bank Square towards the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
. Short walk along the Route of Jewish Martyrdom and Struggle towards Umschlagplatz
Accommodation and dinner at the hotel.
Drive north-east from Warsaw to Treblinka
. In this extermination camp
in years 1941-1944 hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered , it was the place of mass execution. The camp was surrounded by a high barbed wire fence camouflaged with interwoven greenery to hide what was happening inside. Today the large monument is located near the spot where the former "new gas chambers" were located, it is surrounded by thousands of symbolic tombstones representing villages, towns and countries from where the victims have been deported to Treblinka. Continue to Lublin. Accommodation and dinner at the hotel.
Morning depart hotel for short tour of Lublin
, the Jewish community in Lublin was world famous, for its centre for Torah study.Restored Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva
- the spacious building was erected in 1930 with donations from the Jewish community from all over the world. The schools teachings were the continuation of the Talmudic teaching traditions from Old Polish times. It was one of the biggest and the most prestigious rabbinic schools in the world. During World War II Lublin Jews were transported to the extermination camps in Belzec and Majdanek, German Nazi concentration camps. The Majdanek camp
was operated in years 1941-1944 . Today it's a museum with barbed wire fences, guard towers, barracks, and impressive monument and mausoleum.
Back to the hotel and dinnerl.
This day we start from driving to Lezajsk
and visiting The Jewish cemetery
, with the grave of Zaddik Elimelech
(one of the greatest members of the hassid movement, philosopher and psychologist) Nowadays it's a place of pilgrimage for Jews from all over the world. Next drive to Belzec. The Belzec death camp
was located in the southeastern part of the Lublin district. In period 1941-1943 such central localization, in the former province of Galicia, allowed to change this place into a site of mass murder for all Galician Jewish communities from both present-day Polish and Ukrainian territories. Next stop this day is Tarnow
, where on Jewish Street we can search for traces of mezuzah in the door frames, the bimah, the only remnant of the Old Synagogue, Mikvah, Jewish cemetery
. Arrival in Krakow, accommodation and dinner at the hotel.
Half day tour of Jewish traces in Krakow
. In the past a separate town and now an inner suburb of Krakow, the Kazimierz quarter was the center of Jewish religion, culture and learning and the home of the city's large Jewish population before the War. Badly damaged during the Nazi occupation, today it has been rebuilt so visitors can admire the restored historical architecture and experience daily Jewish life. Nowadays every corner of Kazimierz
is the witness of the history of Polish Jews, visible in the system of narrow streets itself, in the abundance of markets, synagogues, and kirkuts - Jewish cemeteries
. Visiting of Synagogues: Old Synagogue with the Museum and Remuh Synagogue with the cemetery, Tempel Synagogue, Isaac Synagogue
. Drive to Podgorze district - where ghetto was established, Schindler's glazery and house, Plaszow – former Nazi labour camp. Pharmacy "Pod Orlem"
(The Eagle) in Krakow on the Ghetto Heroes Square was the only pharmacy in the ghetto during the Nazi occupation of Krakow. The pharmacy was directed by Tadeusz Pankiewicz, the only Pole living in the ghetto, from beginning to end of its existence.
Possible meeting with Survivors and Righteous Among the Nations
in Galicja Museum.
Dinner at the hotel.
Drive to Auschwitz-Birkenau
, the former concentration camp, symbol of horror, inhumanity and the Holocaust. The camp was constructed by Nazis in 1940 for Polish citizens, from 1942 Auschwitz became the most of important camp for the mass extermination of European Jews. The ruins of gas chambers, kilometers of barbed wire, wooden barracks, the train platform were people were unloaded and selected remain horrifying past. At present photographs, documents recovered from the site, tones of hair, shoes serve as a testimony to the sheer scale of the atrocities committed.
Dinner in Jewish restaurant with live Klezmer music
Transfer to the airport or railway station.